Dr Harvey Cushing is considered one of the father’s of Neurosurgery in the United States.  Dr Cushing was born in Ohio in 1869. He graduated from Yale University with a degree in Medicine in 1895. He completed his training at Johns Hopkins Medical Center and studied Neurosurgery in Liverpool, England. He then returned to the United States to practice Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins.

One of the innovations that Dr Cushing was responsible for was the use of a mercury tube that attached to a cuff used to measure blood pressure from the patient’s arm. This was quite a revolution at the time, as no one had previously measured systolic blood pressure in this manner.

Dr Cushing was a prolific writer and authored several manuscripts on the brain and central nervous system. He also studied pressure in the brain and blood pressure during surgery. One of the most important contributions from Dr Cushing was the study of the pituitary gland, and his findings that were published in 1932.

Dr Cushing was a pioneer in the surgical treatment of brain tumors, and developed several instruments that are still used in Neurosurgery today. He helped to develop the use of electorcautery instrument, and was one of the first to use x-ray in the diagnosis of brain tumors. He developed many of the surgical techniques that are still in practice today.

The United States Postal Service created a postage stamp in 1988 honor of Dr Cushing- the stamp cost was 45 cents.